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英雄联盟总决赛竞猜_In 2001,while interviewing executives at Nokia,I was introduced to the Finnish word . it meant humility,I was told,But humility with2001年采访诺基亚低官时,有人提到了芬兰语。有人对我说那是谦虚的意思,是默默有热情的谦虚。

这种热情没什么可羞愧的。诺基亚当时是全球手机行业的巨头,控制着全球35%的手机市场。Could it last,I asked in the articles I wrote at the time . we now know that it did not . after being eclipsed by apple ‘ s iphone and by Android-based在被苹果(Apple)的Apple和基于Android(Android)系统的亚洲手机抢光后,诺基亚去年向微软(Microsoft)购买了实力大幅削弱的手机业务。但是诺基亚并没有消失。

现在经营移动网络业务,享受数字地图业务和许多专利。reinventing itself is not new to Nokia . it has done so repeatedly since it began life in 1865 as a paper manufacturer . it has since been a maker or Ber boots改造自己对诺基亚来说不是什么新鲜事。自1865年创立为纺织商以来,它曾这样做过。

此后,诺基亚生产了橡皮靴、雨衣、电缆和电视。诺基亚曾多次是爱尔兰的主要卫生纸制造商,也是全球自行车减震轮胎的唯一供应商。this is unusual . few companies change their businesses as dramatically and only a minority last as long . in an influential book,the live First puullroyal Dutch shell,where Mr de geus worked for 38 years,Began in 1833 . a few had been around for centuries,he wrote.the sumitomo group of(威廉莎士比亚、温斯顿、工作)在1997年首次出版的有影响力的《长寿公司》 (The Living Company)中,阿里德赫斯(Arie de Geus)问道,为什么有些公司能长寿,有些公司却英年早逝。跨国公司平均寿命近50年,但诺基亚等一些公司的历史比它多100年。

德赫斯工作了38年的荷兰皇家壳牌(Royal Dutch Shell)创立于1833年。他写道,几个世纪以来几乎没有企业不能生存。日本住友集团(Sumitomo Group)的起源可以追溯到1590年创立的主动店。

In no other type of organisation,whether universities,armies or churches,Was there such a disparity between the shortest and longess大学、军队、教会等所有其他类型的组织,寿命最长、最短的组织之间经常出现巨大的差异。
does it matter whether companies live centuries or not?is not the death of companies and the birth of new ones the way economies and societies progressthrough what Joseph Schumpeter called ” creath杨家公司的覆灭和新公司的出现不是经济和社会通过约瑟夫称之为“创造性破坏”的方式吗?yes.com panies can become complacent,as Nokia was about the arrival of the smart phone . many are replaced by quicker,More alert competitors是的.公司可能看起来很可笑,诺基亚经常出现在智能手机上的态度就是这样。许多公司被行动更快、更警觉的竞争对手所取代。

但是德赫斯和其他人指出长寿公司扮演着最重要的角色。they lay down roots . they establish links with communities,Provide employment and memories to successive generations of workers and act as an in他们不马上打基础。

他们与社会建立关系,为世代员工获取低收入和回忆,同时作为最重要的社会粘合剂。随着家庭更加集中,人们的流动性更加强大,长寿公司获得了收敛感和社会团结感。

When they die,neighbourhood s are often left desolate,Long standing suppliers lose business and former employees and their families are de那么为什么有些公司要长寿呢?In his book,Mr de geus pointed to four character istics of long-lived companies . first,They were sensitive to changes in the business enviror第一,他们非常容易受到商业环境和所处社会变化的影响。第二,他们有反感的认同感。

第三,他们“尊重”,他意味着他们决不过度执政,允许员工实验和特立独行。最后,他们在筹资方面非常激进。”他们告诉我还能用的现金的用途。“There are other questions we can ask。

其他问题也可以明确提出。Is ownership important?some companies survive because they are family-owned,Educating each new generation to take a role and become executives . but family ownerer所有权否最重要吗?部分公司之所以生存下来,是因为没有教育新一代分担角色,沦落为高管。(威廉莎士比亚、温斯顿、家人)但是家庭所有权不是万能的药。

顺利的口渴,刻苦,管LOL下注网站理头脑很难反过来移植到几代人身上。而且,并非历史上最古老的所有公司都是家人所有。
Does the industry matter?is it easier to survive in the resources business,say in mining,than in the tech industry?it is difficult to judge . the technology is too young for us to know whether,for example,apple,Microsoft or Facebook are going现在很难区分。

科技行业年龄还太大,不能理解苹果、微软、Facebook是否显示出切实的持续力。当然,Wang和ICL等科技行业巨头都消失了。And,most important,can large companies keep innovating or are they inevitably undermined by new arrivals with smaller Bure aucracies最重要的是,大企业能否保持创造力,或者不可避免地被新公司巩固。新的公司官僚主义少,没有退休金义务,对值得注意的技术和经营方式的投资少。

Over the next few months,The financial times(which itself is 127 years old)Will be examining what helps some companies last so longOn .在接下来的几个月里,英国《金融时报》(本身就是127年的历史)将对哪些公司帮助生存了那么长时间,以及如何防止衰退进行现场调查。我们将举办各种活动,并在位于香港、约翰内斯堡、纽约和伦敦等4个大陆的主要商业城市播放视频。each of these financial and commercial centres has companies that have been around for decades or centuries,As well as thriving start-ups。

这些金融及商务中心我们将采访这两类企业的高管和学术专家。But we also want to hear from you,the ft reader . Do you think long-living companies are valuable to our societies and,if so,whaat Do you workhow do you think the most success ful older companies have done it?please join in the debate by posting your thoughts here or follow # ft longevity . on Twitter .但是英国《金融时报》读者也期待听到你的意见。长寿公司指出对我们社会最重要吗?那么,你能指出他们长寿的秘诀是什么吗?你是为历史悠久的公司工作,还是为最近出来的公司工作,还是为两家公司工作过很多次?你指出最顺利的历史最长的公司是怎么做的吗?请求重新加入我们的争论,在这里明确提出你的观点,或者在推特上关注#FTLongevity。

【英雄联盟总决赛竞猜】。

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